Thousands of people injured when toxic gas came out from the Factory Union Carbide India Limited on 2nd to 3rd December 1984 at Bhopal city of Madhay Pradesh a state of India; it was the world’s largest industrial disaster.
It was a branch of the US Union Carbide Corporation, and it was regulated by USIL. A pesticide named Sevin was made there and in the middle of the manufacturing process a toxic gas Methyl Ico-Sayanate or MIC gas generated there.
On the night of the accident, water went into a tank of MIC gas, and the gas started to emit. This gas and some other toxic gases spread for one hour, and almost five to seven lakh people around the factory got affected by the gas. According to the affidavit of the state government of Madhya Prachya 3787 people died in the attack of gas- although many other sources have claimed that the death toll is more than 16 to 25 thousand. The official number of injured is 5 lakh 58 thousand 1 hundred and twenty-five.
There is controversy regarding the cause of the accident in inside and outside of the court. Indian government and NGOs claimed that the accident occurred for the disability of the authority and poor repair management system. On the other hand, USIL believes that accident was a part of sabotage and a worker is responsible for the sabotage. They claimed that the worker poured water into the 610 number MIC tank through hosepipe and caused the accident.
Indian government restricted the area immediately after the accident; even the representatives of Union Carbide Corporation were not allowed to enter there. They gave the investigation charge only to CSIR or Council of Scientific and Industrial Research organization. Treatment of the injured peoples was more important than the investigation of the accident, finding the culprits and compensation issues. Local Doctors and Hospitals weren’t ready to face a big disaster like this. There is also question cremation of the countless dead bodies. They had to dispose of bodies of more than two thousand pet animals.
A long legal process started regarding the compensation, Union Carbide, the Indian Government and all US government were involved there. In 1985, Indian Government made a new law and declared Government as the sole representative for the compensation for the injured of the Bhopal disaster. On March of 1986, Union Carbide proposed to give 35 crore Dollars compensation. On May of that year, the whole case came to the jurisdiction of the Indian court- it means compensation cases against the US Government was closed step by step.
Finally, in November 1988 Supreme Court of India ordered to come to a compromise between two parties. And on 1989 on a court excluded compromise Union Carbide agreed to give 47 crore dollars as compensation and gave that immediately. Despite all of this, on 2004 Supreme Court of India ordered the Government the rest of the money of compensation immediately.