Aam Aadmi Party is a political party of India. This team was officially established on November 6, 2012. In 2011, they’re created differences in politicization of the famous‘ India Against Corruption’ between the two anti-corruption activists Arvind Kejriwala and Anna Hazare regarding ‘Jon Lokpal’ bill pass. This party has been established in this regard. The Anna Hazare opposed to conducting that movement to the political path. On the contrary, Kejriwala wanted to conduct that movement through a democratic process.
After the establishment, this party began to take part in different protest movement programs. Aam Aadmi Party runs their movement by alleging an illegal collaboration between government and non-governmental organizations for electricity and water price hike in Delhi. In addition, one of the party’s agenda was to give justice to the women victims of rape and sexual assault and make a powerful anti-rape law. In 2013, this party emerged as the second largest party in Delhi assembly election. This party achieved 28 seats from the 70 seats of Delhi Assembly. Although not being a single majority party, this party has formed government in Delhi with the support of Indian National Congress.
Aam Aadmi Part emerged through the differences between Anna Hazare and Arvind Kejriwala. They were together in anti-corruption movement along the demand of Jon Lokpal bill in 2011-12. Hazare wanted this movement away from political concerns, andI felt that by taking part in the parliamentary politics, it would be easy to convince legislators to pass the bill. The officials of ‘India against Corruption’ movement verified public opinion in the social networking service. All users of that site gave their opinion for joining in politics.
On 19 September 2012, Hazare and Kejriwala concluded that it is impossible for them to come to an agreement to join the politics regarding that movement. Kejriwala got association from two anti-corruption activist named Prashant Bhushan and Shanti Bhushan. But Kiran Bedi and Santosh Hegre opposed him. On 2 October, Kejriwala announced the establishment of a new political party. The team was officially established on November 26. It is to be noted that in26 November of 1949; the Indian Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly. So this date was chosen for the party.
The reason behind the party name ‘Aam Aadmi’ is because of the meaning of the term “ordinary people” and Kejriwala claimed himself to be representative of the general population. The party constitution was adopted on 24 November, 2012. On this day, party’s National Assembly composed of 32 members and National Executive Council composed of 23 members was formed. To prepare a draft of the party management, several committees were proposed for establishment. Officially, the party was founded in Delhi on November 26. In March of 2013, Election Commission of India registered this party as a political party.
Delhi Assembly Election, 2013
Delhi Assembly Election 2013 was the first election for Aam Aadmi Party. Election Commission approved ‘whisk’ as a symbol of this party. According to this party, the candidates are honest, and they do not have any criminal charges. Aam Aadmi Party published a central brochure on 20 November 2013. In this brochure, they gave the commitment to pass the Jon Lokpal bill within 15 days of coming to power.
In November 2013, a candidate of Aam Aadmi Party named Shazia Ilmira was accused of accepting a bribe in exchange for promises of awarding political advantages. She wanted to withdraw her candidacy after publishing a video recorded footage of sting related to this. But Kejriwala prevented her from withdrawing her candidacy. Kejriwala told that the footage was fake, and it was against the code of conduct ideal. Election Commission ordered to investigate the footage to justify.
Aam Aadmi Party established itself as the second largest party by winning 8 out of 70 seats in the election. In this election, Bharatiya Janata Party won 31 seats, and the Indian National Congress won eight seats. The other teams won three seats. Aam Aadmi Party formed a minority government in Delhi Legislative Assembly on 28 December 2013. Congress supported them to form a government. However, the Congress leader Shila Dikshit called the support as “conditional support.” Arvind Kejriwala became the second youngest Chief Minister of Delhi.