Anna Hazare is an Indian social worker. His real name is Kisan Baburao Hazare. He received special recognition for the development program in Ralegon-Siddhi village in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. His efforts turned this village is an idol village. He was awarded the honor of Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1992for his recognition. From 5 April 2011, he had been doing hunger strike and created pressure on the central government demanding ‘Jon Lokpal Bill’ passed for stopping corruption in government offices.
Anna Hazare was born in a family of unskilled laborers in Bhingari Village in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. His father was Baburao Hazare, and mother was Laksmibai. They had five acres of land. Anna has two sisters. In 1952, his family moved to Ralegon-Siddhi village for adverse conditions. He was raised by his childless aunt. He did not study after class VII for financial suffering.
Anna Hazare started his career as a driver in the Indian Army. That time he was attracted by reading the books of philosophy of Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave. In the middle of 1970 while driving, he was injured in the crash. But he survived.
In 1975, he took voluntary retirement from the army and returned to Ralegon-Siddhi village. At first, he led a movement to eradicate alcoholism from the village. Then he motivated the villagers into voluntary labor and established canals, small reservoirs in the nearby hills for voluntary watershed development. That solved the problem of water in the village, and it was possible to improve irrigation system. By prompting villagers in voluntary labor, he built a high school in the village.
In 1998, for a defamation charge filed by the Minister for Social Welfare of Maharashtra Shiv Sena-BJP government, Mr. Babanrao Golap, police arrested him. However, for public discontent, police left him.
In early 2000, Anna Hazare built a movement in Maharashtra state. As a result of this movement, the Government of Maharashtra recalled the old weak law and bound to pass a new powerful information right law. He continued the movement until the law was not passed by the President of India.
Jon Lokpal Bill Movement
In 2011, Anna Hazare started to campaign a movement on the Indian Parliament to pass a more powerful anti-corruption Lokpal Bill. As a part of this movement, former Justice of the Supreme Court N. Santosh Hegre, senior Supreme Court lawyer Prashant Bhushan and other members of ‘India against Corruption’ prepared an alternative draft bill. This bill has been given the Name ‘Jon Lokpal Bill’. In this bill, lokpals are given more priority and power than the previous bill.
From April 5 2011, Anna Hazare began a hunger-strike in Jantar Mantar of Delhi. His demand was drafting a new bill to appoint more powerful and more independent Lokpal and Lakayukto by making a joint committee of the representatives of the government and civil society. However, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh dismissed his claim.
People began to support him when they read about his movement spread through the various levels of media. 150 people joined the strike with him. He said that he would not allow any politician to take part in the movement. Medha Patekar, Arvind Kejriwala and former IPS officer Kiran Bedi came forward to support his hunger strike and anti-corruption movement. Many people supported him through various social Internet media such as Twitter and Facebook. Spiritual leader’s Swami Ramdev, Swami Agnivesh, former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev, Shekhar Kapur, Siddharth Narayan, Anupam Kher, Madhur Bhandarkar, Pritish Nandy, Priyanka Chopra, Prakash Raj and Aamir Khan, etc. supported him through Twitter.
In the second day of the movement, Sharad Pavar resigned from the review panel corruption of ministers.